Trout Unlimited History
A Short History of Trout Unlimited
Founded over 50 years ago on the banks of the Au Sable River near Grayling, Mich., the 16 fishermen who gathered at the home of George Griffith (pictured, left) were united by their love of trout fishing, and by their growing disgust with the state’s practice of stocking its waters with “cookie cutter trout”—catchable-sized hatchery fish. Convinced that Michigan’s trout streams could turn out a far superior fish if left to their own devices, the anglers formed a new organization: Trout, Unlimited (the comma was dropped a few years later).
From the beginning, TU was guided by the principle that if we “take care of the fish, then the fishing will take care of itself.” And that principle was grounded in science. “One of our most important objectives is to develop programs and recommendations based on the very best
information and thinking available,” said TU’s first president, Dr. Casey E. Westell Jr., “In all matters of trout management, we want to know that we are substantially correct, both morally and biologically.”
In 1962-63, TU prepared its first policy statement on wild trout, and persuaded the Michigan Department of Natural Resources to discard “put-and- take” trout stocking and start managing for wild trout and healthy habitat. On the heels of that success, anglers quickly founded TU
TU won its first national campaign in 1965: stopping the construction of the Reichle dam on Montana’s Big Hole River. Five years later, TU helped secure a ban on high-seas fishing for Atlantic salmon. And in 1971, TU took legal action to protect the last free-flowing stretch of the Little Tennessee River. Perhaps one of the most significant early applications of the Endangered Species Act, the action stopped the Tellico dam, but only temporarily: an eleventh-hour congressional appropriations rider later doomed TU’s victory.
In 1979 TU’s headquarters moved to Washington, D.C., where it remains today. Driven by a powerful and dedicated grassroots network, TU is meeting the challenges of coldwater conservation and protecting our rivers and fisheries for generations to come. We now have over 180 TU staff in 22 states and are working off of a $42 million annual operating budget. In fiscal year 2014, TU’s 380 chapters and 36 councils:
• Contributed an incredible 651,293 volunteer hours
• Spent over $8.4 million on conservation, education and other local projects
• Held 989 conservation projects on local streams
• Engaged youth with 1,524 education projects